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Seventy-one years after the Seneca Falls Convention, on May 21, 1919, the House of Representatives finally approved the Susan B. Anthony Amendment.  The Senate followed on June 4, 1919.  Congress had finally approved the 19th Amendment and sent it to the states, igniting a fury of backlash.

Years of hard work and sacrifice had finally paid off with step one of the process.  The grueling task of state campaigns had begun.  Three-fourths of the states (then 36) had to ratify the Amendment for it to become law.  Only 13 states needed to vote against or refuse to consider the Amendment to defeat it.  The race had finally begun.  Here is the scorecard: 

RATIFICATION SCORECARD

Date

June 10, 1919

State

Wisconsin
Michigan
Illinois

Ratified

Ratified with 3 votes

Unanimously ratified.

Ratified, but due to an administrative error they had to redo the vote a week later

Not Ratified

June 16, 1919
Kansas
Michigan
New York

Unanimously ratified

Ratified and passed a measure to ensure women could vote in Ohio in the next election whether or not the 19th Amendment passed

Ratified with no dissenting vote, but with one abstention

June 24, 1919
Pennsylvania

Ratified

June 25, 1919
Massachusetts

Ratified

June 28, 1919
Texas

Became the first Southern state to ratify

July 2, 1919
Iowa

Ratified

July 3, 1919
Missouri

Ratified

July 24, 1919
Georgia

Becomes the first state to vote against ratification.

July 28, 1919
Arkansas

Ratified

The Suffragists are one-third of the way to victory!

August 2, 1919
Montanta
Nebraska

The Governor certified the state’s ratification.

Ratified

September 8, 1919
Minnesota

Ratified

September 10, 1919
New Hampshire

Ratified

September 22, 1919
Alabama

Rejected the Amendment

 

September 30, 1919
Utah

Ratified

November 1, 1919
California

Ratified

The Suffragists are half way to victory!

November 5, 1919
Maine

Ratified

December 1, 1919
North Dakota

Ratified

December 4, 1919
South Dakota

Ratified

December 15, 1919
Colorado

Ratified

January 6, 1920
Kentucky
Rhode Island

Ratified

Ratified

January 13, 1920
Oregon

Ratified

January 16, 1920
Indiana

Ratified

January 27, 1920
Wyoming

Ratified

January 28, 1920
South Carolina

Overwhelmingly defeated the Amendment.

February 7, 1920
Nevada

Ratified

February 9, 1920
New Jersey

Ratified

February 11, 1920
Idaho

Ratified

February 12, 1920
Arizona
Virginia

Unanimously ratified

Defeated the Amendment and adopted a Resolution declaring the Amendment to be “unwarranted, unnecessary, undemocratic and dangerous interference with the rights reserved to the States.”

February 21, 1920
New Mexico

Ratified

February 24, 1920
Maryland

Rejected the Amendment

February 28, 1920
Oklahoma

Ratified

March 10, 1920
West Virginia

Ratified

March 22, 1920
Washington

Ratified

Only one more state needed for the suffragists.

March 31, 1920
Mississippi

Rejected the Amendment

June 2, 1920
Delaware

Rejected the Amendment

July 1, 1920
Louisiana

Rejected the Amendment

August 18, 1920

TENNESSEE RATIFIED MAKING WOMAN SUFFRAGE THE LAW FOR THE ENTIRE UNITED STATES!

Slowly, over the decades, the antis and other states came around.
September 14, 1920
Connecticut

Belatedly ratified

February 8, 1921
Vermont

Belatedly ratified

March 6, 1923
Delaware

Switched and ratified

March 29, 1941
Maryland

Switched and ratified

February 21, 1952
Virginia

Switched and ratified

September 8, 1953
Alabama

Switched and ratified

May 13, 1969
Florida

Belatedly ratified

July 1, 1969
South Carolina

Switched and ratified

February 20, 1970
Georgia

Switched and ratified

June 11, 1970
Louisana

Switched and ratified

May 6, 1971
North Carolina

Belatedly ratified

March 22, 1984
Mississippi

Switched and ratified

Hawaii and Alaska were not states in 1920 so they could not ratify the Amendment.  Hawaii became a state on March 18, 1959 and women regained the right to vote.

Alaska was admitted as a state on January 3, 1959, enfranchising them in the national elections, but their women won their right to vote in their territory in 1913–seven years before American women.